“The U.S. Navy’s plans to develop advanced and diverse fleets of unmanned surface and undersea vehicles and vessels clearly demonstrate the service’s growing interest in this emerging area of naval warfare. Unmanned systems will play a signficant role in the future of surface and undersea warfare. Fifty percent of the new ships identified in the Navy’s Surface Capability Evolution Plan (SCEP), which lays out the four major shipbuilding pillars for the future, will be unmanned vessels. Likewise, the Navy’s submarine force envisions manned submarines deploying and operating with growing numbers of extra-large unmanned vehicles that independently deploy from pier-side in future operations.”